Alaskan Malamute Breed Standard
Breed Standard FCI № 243
From the history of the breed:
The origin of this breed takes its place in one state of Alaska, where these dogs were used for transporting goods for long distances. They got their name thanks to the Eskimo tribe "melmyuty". The Malamute became very popular during the "Gold rush", when there was a huge need for transportation of cargo in heavy arctic conditions.
Country of origin:
Malamutes are very similar to the wolf, but their look expresses sincere kindness. Alaskan Malamute has a strong skeleton and a powerful body shape.
Height and weight:
Height: males - 25 inches (63.5 cm ), females - 23 inches (58.5 cm).
Weight: males: 83.7 pounds (38 kg), females - 74 pounds (34 kg).
Malamute has a thick rough coat, but rather short and not soft. The top coat differs in length with the undercoat. Coat varies from short to medium along the sides of the body, its length increases around the shoulders and neck, down his back, croup, as well as on the pants and end of the tail. In summer the coat of the Malamutes is usually shorter and less thick. The Malamute is represented at dog shows in its natural form. Grooming is not allowed, except for the feet, which should look neat.
Color varies from light gray with intermediate shades to black, may be sable or sable to red shades. The combination of colors is allowed in the undercoat, on marks and pants. The only allowed monochromatic color - is white. The white color dominates in the lower part of the body, partly on the legs, feet and head. The mark on the forehead and (or) on a neck, or a spot on the back side of the neck are very attractive and acceptable. The uneven or interrupted color presented on the body is undesirable.
The head is broad and powerful, but structurally unstable and unwieldy; it is proportional to the size of the dog. The expression is soft, indicating a friendly nature.
Medium sized, small. Ears are triangular, slightly rounded at the ends. Wide apart, they are located on the rear end of the skull in one line with the outer corner of the eye, so that the tips of the ears are directed to the sides when thrilled. Standing up ears are directed a little forward, but when the dog is working, the ears are often turned back. Fault - high set ears.
Almond-shaped, medium sized, brown, set skew. Fault - blue eyes.
Strong, slightly curved.
The jaws are broad with large teeth. When closed a scissor occlusion is seen. The overshot or undershot are deficiency.
Compact, but not too short. Without overweight.
Middle set, continues the line of the back from the base. When the dog does not work, the tail is raised over the back. The tail does not touch the tip of the back and isn't twisted on the back, is not short-pubescent, as a fox's tail. Malamute's tail is well-furred and gives an impression of waving plume.
Limbs (front and rear):
The forelimbs have strong skeleton and muscles; they are set straight to the pasterns when viewed from the front. The shoulders are moderately sloping. The pastern: short, strong and slightly sloping when viewed from the side. Hind legs are set broad. When viewed from behind the rack and the motion are located along the same line with the front legs, neither too narrow, nor too wide. The rudiments of the fifth toe on the hind legs are not desirable and should be removed in puppies immediately after birth. Hips: strong, well-muscled. Knees are moderately expressed. Hocks: moderate and low-set. Feet: "snowshoes" type, thick and strong, with well-developed pads which provide density and arched feet. The paws are large; toes are tight-knit and arched. There is a protective coat between the fingers of the dog's paws. Pads are thick and elastic. Nails are short and strong.
Energetic, calm and even-tempered dog, very hardy, with an independent character. Playful, gentle and affectionate with children - an excellent companion. This dog breed is a bad watchman, because he rarely raises his voice. Not aggressive, very sociable. These dogs have rather pronounced gregarious instinct, very often dominate other dogs. Persistent training should begin at an early age.
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